Aramid Fibre

Published On:May 09,2018

INTRODUCTION Aramid fibres are man-made high-performance fibres. They are man-made fibres with a chemical structure that makes them highly resistant to chemicals. They have molecules that are characterized by relatively rigid polymer chains. These molecules are linked by strong hydrogen bonds that transfer mechanical stress very efficiently, making it possible to use chains of relatively low molecular weight.   aramid fibre  

The term “Aramid” stands for äromatic polyamide”.They were first applied commercially in the early 1960’s.   Aramaid fibre

  • The modulus of elasticity of these fibres can range from 60 to 140 GPa,
  • Tthe strength reaches a value of 4.5 GPa at 2.5 cm gauge length with an elongation at break of more than 4%.
  • It has a Low Density of  1.44 gm/cm3
  • It has a Negative Coefficient of linear expansion: -4.3 x 106 (-2.4 x 106).
  • It has a Low Dielectric Constant of  4 at 1 MHz offering good radar transparency.
  • It has an Excellent Tensile Strength of  3620 MPa (525 ksi)
  • It has a Good Stiffness of  131 GPa (19 msi)
  • It has an Excellent Toughness.
  •  A high resistance 
  • High strength
  • Good resistance to abrasion
  • Good resistance to organic solvents
  • Non-conductive
  • A high melting point at 500 degree
  • Low flammability
  • Good fabric integrity at elevated temperatures
  • High Strength to weight ratio
  • It is spun into yarn to make protective fabrics and garments
  • Arc flash protection
  • Flashfire protection
  • It is used in military, firefighting, auto racing etc.
  • It also finds usage in aerospace, the automotive industry(brake linings, tires), industrial applications(hoses and belts), and building materials.
  • It is used in ballistic applications.
  • It is sensitive to moisture. They pick up moisture very easily, so must be kept dry and need to be fully resin impregnated when moulded.
  • Aramid fibres are degraded by UV light. They must be coated with a resin layer, gel coat or paint.